Terberg Benschop Hydrogen Yard Tractor YT203-H2

Project description:

Terberg Benschop B.V. and B.V. joined forces for the development of a fuel cell yard tractor, the YT203-H2. The objective of this collaboration is the development, testing and demonstration of a hydrogen fuel cell yard tractor, optimized for the demanding operations of a conventional Terberg tractor. The YT203-H2 specification covers all the operational requirements for different applications such as logistics, distribution and ports for the global market.

The hydrogen fuel cell generates electricity through the reaction of hydrogen and oxygen, with the only emission being water. The hydrogen will be stored in gaseous form under high pressure, enabling quick refuelling and long operation.

Role of is responsible for the development of the custom hydrogen-electric power train.

Project results:

The first vehicle is expected to be ready for delivery in the second half of 2020. Currently, the fuel-cell system is being tested at our testing facility in Rotterdam.

This project is being supported by the DKTI-Transport regulation of the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management.

Watertaxi Rotterdam

Project description:

In 2021, passengers can board a Rotterdam water taxi running on hydrogen. It will be the world’s first time on this scale that a commercial boat comes into operation running entirely on this zero-emission fuel. The hydrogen-water taxi is being developed by the SWIM consortium.

A fuel cell based system will be developed and then integrated into the Watertaxi. Simultaneously the boat’s efficiency is going to be optimized, to fully capitalize the advantages of operating on electric propulsion by fuel cells from hydrogen. The aim is that the boat’s performance will meet or exceed the performance of its peer boats, allowing it to be fully embedded into their operational schedule. 

Role of is responsible for the development and supply of the hydrogen fuel cell system and the onboard hydrogen storage system.

Project results:

The first passengers are expected to be boarding in the second half of 2021. 

ISHY - Implementation of Ship Hybridisation

Project description:

Shipping industry and suppliers must invest in low carbon propulsion systems, but facing a number of market failures, as:

  • Vessels have long operational lifetimes (30–40 years), so little incentive to retrofit or replace
  • Number of new built ships per year is low, so ROI in innovative systems for shipbuilders is low
  • Limited faith and knowledge in effectiveness of alternative propulsion technologies
  • Alternative fuelling infrastructures in ports are limited
    Regulation, security and certification haven’t been clarified
  • Market control of traditional oil/gas companies, protecting traditional fuel systems


To tackle barriers, challenges for this project are:

  • To demonstrate the effectiveness of low-carbon propulsion technologies in different types of vessels
  • To demonstrate the feasibility of H2 bunkering facilities in ports
  • To develop tools/methods which demonstrate and support the transition to low-carbon propulsion systems for new built vessels and by retrofitting


Overall objective:

Development, testing and validation of technical tools and socio-economic models (business cases) for the implementation of hybrid and hydrogen fuel cell technologies in vessels and ports, and realising the development and the demonstration of the feasibility of these technologies by retrofitting different types of existing vessels, different kind of new built vessels and new bunkering facilities in ports in order to increase the adoption likelihood of this low or zero carbon technology in a sector with high impact potential.

Role of is responsible for the development of a fuel cell module to be used in different pilot vessels.

Project results:

This project is scheduled to be completed in the second half of 2022.